Andersen's Fairy Tales - Hans Christian Andersen

Andersen's Fairy Tales is the only version available in trade paperback that presents the fairy tales exactly as Andersen collected them in the original Danish edition in 1874.  

The Fairy Tales of Hans Christian Andersen includes many interesting stories such as:

The Princess and the Pea
The Nightingale
The Swineherd
The Old Man Is Always Right
The Little Mermaid
The Emperor’s New Clothes
The Darning Needle
Twelve by Mail
The Brave Tin Soldier
The Snow Queen
The Flea and the Professor
Thumbelina
The Sweethearts
Ole Shut-Eye
Five Peas in a Pod
The Ugly Duckling
Little Ida’s Flowers
The Shepherdess and the Chimney Sweep
The Flying Trunk
The Little Match Girl
The Tinderbox
The Pen and Inkstand
The Farmyard Cock and the Weathercock

Enjoy your reading!!!

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New Round-Up Starter - Verginia Evans and Jenny Dooley

Grammar can be fun! Students will find grammar practice enjoyable with New Round-Up.

Clear grammar tables and explanations combined with lots of practice make understanding the language easy for young learner. 

Lessons provide a variety of games and written exercises and students will have plenty of opportunities for additional practice with the interactive student CD-ROM.

Please click here to download Student's Book, Audio, Teacher's Book and CD-ROM.

Future Perfect Tense

a. Form: S + Will/ Shall + Have + Past Participle (PP)
b. Uses:
  • The future perfect refers to an action that will be completed before a definite time in the future. Ex: I will have done all my homework by this evening. I will have finished the book by the next week. By the end of the month, I will have been here for three years.
  • To express an action will finish and relate to another action in the future. Ex: the taxi will have arrived by the time you finish dressing. When we arrive, they will have had dinner. Before he leaves, I will have met him.
  • We also use this tense to talk about something being over in the future. Ex: I will have finished this book soon. (I'm nearly at the end). Tom won't have completed his studies until he is 24.

Future Simple Tense

English has several forms that can refer to the future. Three of there are "will, be going to, and the present continuous". The difference between them is not about near or distant future, or about certainty. The speakers choose a future form depending on when the decision was taken, and how they see the future event.
a. Form: S + Will/ Shall + Vinf
b. Uses:
  • To express a future decision or intention made at the moment of speaking. Ex: I will give you my phone number. I have left the door open; I will go and shut it. I am too tired to walk now; I think I will get a taxi.
  • To express an offer. Ex: I will carry your suitcase. Will you go with me? Will you open the door for me? We will do washing-up.
  • It also expresses a future fact. The speaker thinks, "This action is sure to happen in the future". This use like a neutral future tense. The speaker is predicting the future, without expressing an intention, plan, or personal. Ex: tomorrow's weather will be warm and sunny. It will rain. He will finish his work next month. It will be right. Don't worry. If you go to Vietnam, you will see many interesting things there.

  • "Will": for a prediction can be based more on an opinion than a fact of evidence. It is often found with expression such as: "I think; I am sure...

  • c. "Tobe going to"
    Form: S + Be Going To + Vinf
    Uses:
    • To express a future decision, intention, or plan made before the moment of speaking. Ex: how long are they going to stay in Vietnam? I am going to study harder for the test. I am going to write to Tom this evening. I know what you are going to say.
    • When we can see or feel now hat something is certain to happen in the future, and based on present facts. Ex: look at these clouds! It is going to rain. Watch out! The box is going to fall. Carefully, the car is going to come. She is going to have a baby.
    • The present continuous can be used in a similar way for a plan of arrangement, particularly with the verbs "go, come". Ex: she is coming on Friday. I am going home early tonight.
    Note: The present continuous can be used to express a future
    • Arrangement between people. It usually refers the near future. Ex: we are going out with Tom tonight. What are we having for lunch?
    • Think of the things you might put in your diary to remind you of what you are doing over the next few days and weeks. These are the kinds of events that are often expressed by the present continuous for the future. The verbs express some kinds of activity of movement. Ex: I am meeting Peter tonight. I am seeing the doctor in the morning. We are going to party on Saturday night.
    • Sometimes there is no difference between an agreed arrangement (present continuous) and an intension (going to). Ex: we are going to get / are getting married in the spring.

    Future Perfect Continuous Tense

    a. Form: S + Will/ Shall + Have + Been + Ving
    b. Uses:
    • To express an action that will be happening before another action in the future. Ex: when I get my diplomat, I will have been learning at this school for 3 years. Mike is leaving next month; he will have been working here 20 years.
    • We use this form when we imagine looking back from the future; it also focuses on the action going on. Ex: I will have been writing the report for a week.

    Future Continuous Tense

    a. Form: S + Will/ Shall + Be + Ving
    b. Uses:
    • We use this tense for an action that we will be in the middle of. Ex: in a week's time, I'll be lying in the sun. we will be having tea at 7 o'clock.
    • The future continuous expresses an activity that will be in progress before and after a time in the future. Ex: don't phone at 8:00. We will be having supper. This time tomorrow I will be flying to New York. This time tomorrow we will be working in this field. What will you be doing this time tomorrow?
    • The future continuous is used to refer to a future event that will happen in the natural course of event. This use is uncoloured by ideas such as intention, decision, arrangement, or willingness. As time goes by, this event will occur. Ex: don't worry about our guests. They will be arriving any minute now. We will be going right back to the football after the break. (Said on television). I will be going to the centre later. Can I get you anything?
    • We also use this tense for an action, which will result from a routine or arrangement. Ex: I will be phoning my mother tonight. (It's part of my regular routine). The Queen will be arriving soon. (It's is part of her schedule).

    Demonstrative Pronouns

    This

    Used to refer to a particular person, thing or event that is close to you. Especially compared with another: How long have you been living in this country? Well, make up your mind. Which do you want? This one or that one? I think you'll find these more comfortable than those. Is this your bag?
    Used to refer to sth/sb that has already been mentioned: There was a court case resulting from this incident. The boy was afraid and the dog had sensed this. What's this I hear about you getting married?
    Used for introducing sb or showing sth to sb: Hello, this is Maria Diaz (= on the telephone). Jo, this is Kate (= when you are introducing them). This is the captain speaking. Listen to this. Do it like this (= in the way I am showing you).
    Used with periods of time related to the present: this week / month / year. I saw her this morning (= today in the morning). Do you want me to come this Tuesday (= Tuesday of this week) or next Tuesday? Do it this minute (= now). He never comes to see me these days (= now, as compared with the past).
    This sth of sb's (Informal) used to refer to sb/sth that is connected with a person, especially when you have a particular attitude towards it or them: These new friends of hers are supposed to be very rich.
    (Informal) used when you are telling a story or telling sb about sth: There was this strange man sitting next to me on the plane. I've been getting these pains in my chest.

    That

    Used for referring to a person or thing that is not near the speaker or as near to the speaker as another: Look at that man over there. How much are those apples at the back?
    Used for referring to sb/sth that has already been mentioned or is already known about: I was living with my parents at that time. That incident changed their lives. Have you forgotten about that money I lent you last week?
    Used for referring to a person or thing that is not near the speaker, or not as near to the speaker as another: Who's that? That's Peter over there. Hello. Is that Jo? That's a nice dress. Those look riper than these.
    Used for referring to sb/sth that has already been mentioned, or is already known about: What can I do about that? Do you remember when we went to Norway? That was a good trip. That's exactly what I think.
    (Formal) used for referring to people or things of a particular type: Those present were in favour of change. There are those who say (= some people say) she should not have got the job. Salaries are higher here than those in my country.

    There

    There is, are, was, were, etc. used to show that sth exists or happens: There's a restaurant around the corner. There are two people waiting outside. Has there been an accident? I don't want there to be any misunderstanding. There seemed to be no doubt about it. There comes a point where you give up. There remains the problem of finance. Suddenly there was a loud bang. (Informal) There's only four days left. (Literary) There once was a poor farmer who had four sons.
    In, at or to that place or position: We went on to Paris and stayed there eleven days. I hope we get there in time. It's there, right in front of you! There it is - just behind the chair. "Have you seen my pen? Yes, it's over there." There are a lot of people back there (= behind) waiting to get in. I'm not going in there - it's freezing! We're almost there (= we have almost arrived). Can I get there and back in a day? I left in 1990 and I haven't been back there since. Hello, is Bob there please? (= Used when calling sb on the phone) I took one look at the car and offered to buy it there and then / then and there (= immediately).
    Existing or available: I went to see if my old school was still there. The money's there if you need it.
    At that point (in a story, an argument, etc.): "I feel..." There she stopped. I don't agree with you there.
    Used to attract sb's attention: Hello, there! You there! Come back! There you are! I've been looking for you everywhere.
    Used to attract sb's attention to a particular person, thing or fact: There's the statue I was telling you about. That woman there is the boss's wife. There goes the last bus (= we've just missed it). There goes the phone (= it's ringing). (Humorous) There goes my career! (= My career is ruined) So, there you have it: that's how it all started.
    There to do sth used to show the role of a person or thing in a situation: The fact is they're there to make money.

    Modal Verbs: Dare - Ought to

    Dare

    (Not usually used in the progressive tenses) to be brave enough to do sth: She said it as loudly as she dared. He didn't dare (to) say what he thought. They daren't ask for any more money. (Literary) She dared not breathe a word of it to anybody. There was something, dare I say it, a little unusual about him.
    To persuade sb to do sth dangerous, difficult or embarrassing so that they can show that they are not afraid: [vn] Go on! Take it! I dare you. [Vn to INF] Some of the older boys had dared him to do it.

    Idioms
    Don't you dare! (Informal) used to tell sb strongly not to do sth: "I'll tell her about it. Don't you dare?" Don't you dare say anything to anybody?
    How dare you, etc.: Used to show that you are angry about sth that sb has done: How dare you talk to me like that? How dare she imply that I was lying?
    I dare say (also I daresay especially in BrE): Used when you are saying that sth is probable: I dare say you know about it already.

    Grammar
    Dare (sense 1) usually forms negatives and questions like an ordinary verb and is followed by an Infinitive with to. It is most common in the negative: I didn't dare to ask. He won't dare to break his promise. You told him? How did you dare? I hardly dared to hope she'd remember me. In positive sentences a phrase likes not be afraid is often used instead: She wasn't afraid (= she dared) to tell him the truth.
    It can also be used like a modal verb especially in present tense negative forms in BrE, and is followed by an Infinitive without to: I daren't tell her the truth.
    In spoken English, the forms of the ordinary verb are often used with an Infinitive without to: Don't you dare tell her what I said! I didn't dare look at him.

    Ought to

    Used to say what is the right thing to do: They ought to apologize. "Ought I to write to say thank you? Yes, I think you ought (to)." They ought to have apologized (= but they didn't). Such things ought not to be allowed. He oughtn't to have been driving so fast.
    Used to say what you expect or would like to happen: Children ought to be able to read by the age of 7. Nurses ought to earn more.
    Used to say what you advise or recommend: We ought to be leaving now. This is delicious. You ought to try some. You ought to have come to the meeting. It was interesting.
    Used to say what has probably happened or is probably true: If he started out at nine, he ought to be here by now. That ought to be enough food for the four of us. Oughtn't the water to have boiled by now?

    Conditional Sentences

    There are many different ways of making sentences with "if". It is important to understand the difference between sentences that express real possibilities, and those that express unreal situations.
    • Real possibilities: Ex: If it rains, we will stay at home.
    • Unreal situations: Ex: if I were rich, I wouldn't have any problems.

    Real Conditional Sentences - Present

    a. Form: IF + S + Vinf, S + WILL + Vinf (without to)
    Ex: if I work hard, I will pass my exam. If she has enough money, she will buy a new car. If we don't hurry up, we will be late. If you are late, I won't wait for you. What will you do if you don't go to university?
    Note: The condition clause "if" can come at the beginning of the sentence or at the end. If it comes at the beginning, we put a comma at the end of the clause. If it comes at the end, we do not use a comma. Ex: if I work hard, I will pass my exam. Will you go to university if you pass your exam?
    b. Uses:
    The first conditional is used to express a possible condition and a probable result in the future. Ex: if my cheque comes, I will buy us all a meal. You will get wet if you don't take an umbrella. What will happen to the environment if we don't look after it?
    We can use the first conditional to express different functions (all of which express a possible condition and a probable result). Ex: if you do that again, I will kill you! (=A threat). Careful! If you touch that, you will burn yourself. (= A warning). I will post the letter if you like. (= An offer).
    Note:
    • English uses a present tense in the condition clause, not a future form. Ex: if it rains... (Not: if it will rain). If she works hard... (Not: if she will work hard).
    • "If" expresses a possibility that something will happen, "when" expresses what the speaker sees as certain to happen. Ex: if I find your book, I will send it to you. When I get home, I will have a bath.

    Unreal Conditional Sentences

    a. Form: IF + S + Ved, S + WOULD + Vinf (without to)
    "Would" is a modal auxiliary verb. The forms of would are the same for all persons. Ex: if I had more money, I would buy a new house. If we lived in Russia, we would soon learn Russian. What would you do if you had a year off? Would you travel around the world?
    Note: "were" is often used instead of "was" in the condition clause. If I were you, I would go to bed early. If he were cleverer, he would know he was making a mistake.
    b. Uses:
    The second conditional is used to express and unreal or improbable condition and its probable result in the present or future. The condition is unreal because it is different from the facts that we know. We can always say "but... Ex: if I were Prime Minister, I would increase tax for rich people. If I lived in a big house, I would have a party. What would you do if you saw a ghost?
    Note:
    The use of the past tense (if I had) and "would" does not refer to past time. Both the first and second conditional refers to the present and the future. The past verb forms are used to show "this is different from reality". Ex: if I will the tennis match, I will be happy. If I won a thousand pounds, I would...
    We do not use "would" in the condition clause. Ex: if the weather was nice... (Not: if the weather would be nice...) If I had more money... (Not: if I would have more money).
    Note: first or second conditional?
    Both conditionals refer to the present and future. The difference is about probability, not time. It is usually clear which conditional to use first conditional sentences are real and possible; second conditional sentences express situations that will probably never happen.
    Ex: if I lose my job, I will... (My job is doing badly. There is a strong possibility of being made redundant.)
    Ex: if I lost my job, I would... (Redundancy probably won't happen. I'm just speculating.)

    Unreal Conditional Sentences - Past

    a. Form: IF + S + HAD + P2, S + WOULD + HAVE + P2
    b. Uses:
    Third conditional sentences are not based on fact. They express a situation, which is contrary to reality in the past. This unreality is shown by a tense shift from past to past perfect. Ex: if you had come to the party, you would have had a great time. I wouldn't have met my friend if I hadn't gone to Vietnam.
    It is possible for each of the clauses in a conditional sentence to have a different time reference, and the result is a mixed conditional. Ex: if we had brought a map (we didn't), we would know where we are (we don't).
    Note: Zero conditional
    Zero conditional sentences refer to "all time", not just the present or future. They express a situation that is always true. "If" means "when" or "whenever". Ex: if you spend over 20$ at that supermarket, you get a 5% discount.

    Other ways of expressing a condition

    If
    • Used to say that one thing can, will or might happen or be true, depending on another thing happening or being true: If anyone calls, tell them I'm not at home. If he improved his IT skills, he'd (= he would) easily get a job. You would know what was going on if you'd (= you had) listened. They would have been here by now if they'd caught the early train. If I were in charge, I'd do things differently. (Rather formal) If I were in charge... Even if (= although) you did see someone, you can't be sure it was him.
    • When; whenever; every time: If metal gets hot it expands. She glares at me if I go near her desk.
    • (Formal) used with will or would to ask sb politely to do sth: If you will sit down for a few moments, I'll tell the manager you're here. If you would care to leave your name, we'll contact you as soon as possible.
    • Used after ask, know, find out, wonder, etc. to introduce one of two or more possibilities. SYN whether: Do you know if he's married? I wonder if I should wear a coat or not. He couldn't tell if she was laughing or crying. Listen to the tune and see if you can remember the words.
    • Used after verbs or adjectives expressing feelings: I am sorry if I disturbed you. I'd be grateful if you would keep it a secret. Do you mind if I turn the TV off?
    • Used to admit that sth is possible, but to say that it is not very important: If she has any weakness, it is her Italian. So what if he was late. Who cares?
    • Used before an adjective to introduce a contrast: He's a good driver, if a little over-confident. We'll only do it once - if at all.
    • Used to ask sb to listen to your opinion: If you ask me, she's too scared to do it. If you think about it, those children must be at school by now. If you remember, Mary was always fond of animals.
    • Used before could, may or might to suggest sth or to interrupt sb politely: If I may make a suggestion, perhaps we could begin a little earlier next week.
    IDIOMS
    If and when: Used to say sth about an event that may or may not happen: If and when we ever meet again I hope he remembers what I did for him.
    If anything: Used to express an opinion about sth, or after a negative statement to suggest that the opposite is true: I'd say he was more like his father, if anything. She's not thin - if anything she's on the plump side.
    If I were you: Used to give sb advice: If I were you I'd start looking for another job.
    If not
    • Used to introduce a different suggestion, after a sentence with if: I'll go if you're going. If not (= if you are not) I'd rather stay at home.
    • Used after a yes/no question to say what will or should happen if the answer is "no": Are you ready? If not, I'm going without you. Do you want that cake? If not, I'll have it.
    • Used to suggest that sth may be even larger, more important, etc. than was first stated: They cost thousands if not millions of pounds to build.
    If only: Used to say that you wish sth was true or that sth had happened: If only I were rich. If only I knew her name. If only he'd remembered to send that letter. If only I had gone by taxi.
    It's not as if: Used to say that sth that is happening is surprising: I'm surprised they've invited me to their wedding - it's not as if I know them well.
    Only if: (Rather formal) used to state the only situation in which sth can happen: Only if a teacher has given permission is a student allowed to leave the room. Only if the red light comes on is there any danger to employees.
    If / whether
    Both if and whether are used in reporting questions which expect "yes" or "no" as the answer: She asked if / whether I wanted a drink. Although whether sounds more natural with particular verbs such as discuss, consider and decide. When a choice is offered between alternatives if or whether can be used: We didn't know if / whether we should write or phone. In this last type of sentence, whether is usually considered more formal and more suitable for written English.
    Unless
    Used to say that sth can only happen or be true in a particular situation: You won't get paid for time off unless you have a doctor's note I won't tell them - not unless you say I can. Unless I'm mistaken, she was back at work yesterday.
    Used to give the only situation in which sth will not happen or be true: I sleep with the window open unless it's really cold. Unless something unexpected happens, I'll see you tomorrow.
    Help Note: Unless is used to talk about a situation that could happen, or something that could be true, in the future. If you know that something has not happened or that sth is not true, use "if ... not": If you weren't always in such a hurry (= but you are), your work would be much better.
    Whether
    Used to express a doubt or choice between two possibilities: He seemed undecided whether to go or stay. It remains to be seen whether or not this idea can be put into practice. I asked him whether he had done it all himself or whether someone had helped him. I'll see whether she's at home (= or not at home). It's doubtful whether there'll be any seats left.
    Used to show that sth is true in either of two cases: You are entitled to a free gift whether you accept our offer of insurance or not. I'm going whether you like it or not. Whether or not we're successful, we can be sure that we did our best.